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Older American Indian women appeared less concerned about elder abuse than older men

American Indian Science and Engineering Society

AISES Science and engineering conference gathers students

Twyla Baker-Demaray, of Grand Forks, N.D., was one of several American Indian graduate students presenting their research at the conference.

Older American Indian women appeared less concerned about elder abuse than older men, said the Mandan/Hidatsa/Arikara graduate student. She is studying American Indian elder abuse for a master’s degree at the University of South Dakota.

Baker-Demaray conducted a survey of elders at the National Indian Council on Aging conference a year ago in Milwaukee, Wis., where 470 questionnaires were completed by American Indian elders 55 and older.

”The trend was basically that as our age groups went up, the older age groups showed less concern for all types of abuse than the younger, 55 years, who showed a little more concern for abuse in the communities.”

Baker-Demaray said people on the reservations or in Indian communities showed more concern for abuse than those off the reservations.

Her survey showed that older-generation females were less concerned about abuse. ”Our review showed that … overall, older-generation females are at the highest risk of abuse,” she said. ”Either they are not really talking about it, [are] not willing to talk about it, or they don’t know what it is.”

Often, that was the case, Baker-Demaray said. ”If nobody hits me, I am not being abused” is what the older women seem to say, she explained.

”It depends on what Indian nation you are talking to, [what] their definition of abuse [is]. It’s different in Alaska than it is in New Mexico. And these are all based on culture,” she said.

Baker-Demaray found that the oldest of Americans Indians studied appeared less concerned about abuse, likely because they are from the generation of government boarding schools. ”Maybe they are a bit more accepting of this type of behavior: ‘This is the status quo. This is how it always has been, and this how it always is going to be.’ They accept it,” she speculated.
Baker-Demaray admitted her survey was of older American Indians who were healthy enough to attend conferences. Her survey did not include those in nursing homes or in formal health care facilities, she said.

Annotated ONC CoB MOA

this MOA came after 2 years of discussion! but no senior participation.
#2 Revised 6-20-05 Joint ONC/COB Work Session
Memorandum of Agreement
Senior Ctr = bldg. only
If City doesn’t have Title III, it cannot transfer responsibility.
Between the City of Bethel and Orutsararmiut Native Council on the Transfer of the Senior Center and its Service Responsibility
ONC has trust responsibilities that cannot be subject to this MOA.

Means testing is illegal under OAA. Neither ONC nor CoB may change this.

This Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) between the City of Bethel (City) and Orutsararmiut Native Council (ONC) is intended to facilitate the transfer of the Senior Center, senior service responsibilities, and pertinent assets related to the provision of services at and through the Center from the City of Bethel to the Orutsararmiut Native Council. All assets and lease arrangements mentioned in this Agreement pertain to the transfer of the Senior Center from the City to ONC for the express purpose of ONC providing services to low-income seniors and other qualified individuals beginning on July 1, 2005 and continuing indefinitely.
Other OAA funding? Is CoB setting requirements on the grantor? The City of Bethel has been awarded two grants from the State of Alaska, Department of Health and Social Services, that support the provision of senior services: (1) Nutrition, Transportation and Support Services grant, and (2) Home and Community Based Care grant. This MOA is contingent on the State of Alaska, Department of Health and Social Services, awarding the same or similar grants to ONC for the provision of senior services during Fiscal Year 2006.
required of grantee under OAA VI and III and cannot be transferred by MOA Notwithstanding the exceptions mentioned herein, it is the intent of the City of Bethel to transfer ownership of the Senior Center Buildings and improvements, (e.g., walkways and fencing) to the Orutsararmiut Native Council. The Orutsararmiut Native Council will be responsible for the maintenance, repairs, and improvements to the Senior Center buildings, contents of the buildings, and other assets referenced in this agreement beginning on July 1, 2005. This duty of care includes all required inspections (e.g., sprinkler & fire panels, fire extinguishers, range hood, and elevator) and maintenance and repair necessary to meet all state and federal regulations pertaining to employee and public health and safety.
Aside from the cash subsidies and in-kind donations described in this agreement, the City of Bethel will not be responsible for costs or other financial obligations incurred by ONC relative to the operation of the Senior Center and the provision of Senior Services to the community.
Parties to this Agreement
City of Bethel, P.O. Box 1388, Bethel, AK 99559, 907-543-2297
Orutsararmiut Native Council, P.O. Box 927, Bethel, AK 99559, 907-543-2608
Provision of Senior Services
Eligible seniors has been altered by this agreement — fewer will be eligible. OAA does not allow for this change.
If Title VI funds are ever used, age of recipients is not subject to non-Tribal jurisdiction. Neither City nor ONC may set requirements on grantor. If City doesn’t have Title III grant, it may not set requirements for grantee (ONC)
If this MOA is accepted, ONC and CoB will forfeit all OAA funds and will
be subject to Federal prosecution for violations of OAA
This Agreement transfers the responsibility of operating the Senior Center and providing services to eligible individuals from the City to ONC. The Orutsararmiut Native Council will continue to provide services to low-income seniors over 60 years of age, minorities, and those living in a rural area as specified for recipients of Nutrition, Transportation, and Support Services grants administered by the State of Alaska, Department of Health and Social Services. The Chrissie Shantz Adult Day Care program will continue to operate in its present or improved form to serve eligible seniors, those at risk of institutionalization, individuals with disabilities, and others who qualify under the Home and Community Based Care grant program administered by the State of Alaska, Department of Health and Social Services.
Financial Support
How does this affect ONC ability to get Title VI funding? The City of Bethel will provide a cash subsidy to ONC in the following amounts and for the following years: $200,000 in Fiscal Year 2006, ending June 30, 2006; $150,000 in Fiscal Year 2007, ending June 30, 2007; and $75,000 in Fiscal Year 2008, ending June 30, 2008. While these amounts represent a minimum cash distribution from the City, with proper justification and subsequent approval by the Bethel City Council, ONC may receive up to a maximum amount of $200,000 in Fiscal Years 2007 and 2008. The City will not give any cash subsidies to ONC in any fiscal years after theconclusion of Fiscal Year 2008, ending June 30, 2008.
The amount of the cash subsidy over the minimum amounts for Fiscal Year 2007 and 2008, but less than the $200,000 cap, is not automatically approved. The ONC Executive Director or his or her designee must show documentation that reasonable and relevant operating expenses will be incurred in excess of the ability of ONC to pay such expenses through its anticipated revenue streams and administration of funds passing through its organization. A request to the City Manager for an increase in the cash subsidy must be submitted in writing with supporting documentation attached. The City Manager will put the request on the agenda of the soonest regularly scheduled City Council meeting. Once the Bethel City Council approves a $50,000 increase, ONC may spend up to that amount before another approval is required for an additional $50,000 installment. Cash disbursements to ONC shall be made by the City Manager within 10 working days of Bethel City Council’s approval.
Rate is less than cost to administer and therefore becomes additional subsidy

Where is lease for review?

The land on which the Senior Center sits will be leased by the City of Bethel to the Orutsararmiut Native Council at the rate of $1.00 per year for the duration of the time that ONC operates the Center by providing services to low-income elders and other qualifying individuals. The details of the lease arrangement will be spelled out in a legal contract, signedand dated by both parties.
Senior Center Buildings
Again, such restrictions mean ONC will forfeit any OAA funding. The Senior Center Buildings, located at 127 Atsaq Way in Bethel, Alaska, will be used by ONC for the express purpose of providing services to low-income seniors and other qualified individuals as delineated under the section: Provision of Senior Services. The buildings shall remain in use for the express purpose of providing senior services.
The title of the following vehicles will be given to the Orutsararmiut Native Council:
1. Ford Bronco (1993)
2. Thomas Build Freightliner mid-size bus (2001)
3. Narrow body cutaway van/bus with wheelchair lift (expected to be received by the City during summer 2006 through a Section 5310 grant award by the State of Alaska, Department of Transportation and Public Facilities (DOT&PF))
Does title return to City? Is it legal for ONC to provide tribal transportation funds to non-tribal services? The transfer of ownership of the narrow body cutaway van/bus is contingent on City Council’s formal acceptance through a resolution and a signed agreement with the State of Alaska, Department of Transportation and Public Facilities, acknowledging the transfer of ownership from the City to ONC.

Per the grant agreement with DOT&PF, the van/bus must be used for the provision of senior services until such time as a public transit system becomes operational. Once a public transit system becomes operational, the van/bus must become a public transit vehicle, serving the general public as part of the transit system.

Contents of the Senior Center Buildings
If services move to different venue, what happens to goods? The City-owned contents inside the Senior Center building will be transferred to ONC for the provision of senior services, including major kitchen appliances (e.g., refrigerators, freezers), furniture (e.g., couches, chairs, tables), electronic equipment (e.g., television, stereo, computers, printers), exercise equipment, and other material goods currently found in the SeniorCenter.
In-kind Contributions
Costs? This is an additional subsidy. To help ONC provide senior services through the Senior Center; the City shall contribute the following in-kind services to ONC:
$ amount? Water, sewer, and trash pick-up services for the duration of the time ONC provides senior services through the Senior Center
unlimited $ per year Routine maintenance and major repairs to the Thomas Freightliner bus at an estimated cost of $8,000 per year for a period of five years, endingon June 30, 2010
Unlimited $ per year, even if used in public system. Routine maintenance and major repairs to the narrow body cutaway van/bus with wheelchair lift (if received by the City during summer 2006 through a Section 5310 grant award by the State of Alaska, Department of Transportation and Public Facilities (DOT&PF)) for a period of seven years, ending on June 30, 2012.
If title is transferred, why try to manage ONC’s maintenance? The ONC will be responsible for the maintenance and major repairs of the Ford Bronco.
unlimited $ donation, if dates are corrected Routine maintenance and major repairs to the Senior Center boiler for a period of one year, ending on June 30, 2006. Maintenance and repairsto the boiler after June 30, 2005 will be the responsibility of ONC.
Senior Advisory Board Membership
SAB has its own bylaws. City has no jurisdiction over Title III grantee nor may set requirements on the grantor. The City of Bethel shall retain one seat on the Senior Advisory Board, as it currently stands, or other citizen body created to provide advice to program administrators. The person occupying that seat will be appointedby Bethel City Council.
The signatures below of the highest elected official and highest ranking administrator from the City of Bethel and Orutsararmiut Native Council validate this Memorandum of Agreement and obligate both parties to theterms herein.

Bethel the Kodiak bear one of the oldest

I’m not sure what human decade she is. I noticed in the video that she has teeth. Too bad she only gets salmon once a year, but the Kuskokwim River is rather far away (and at the opposite time of year).

Bethel the Kodiak brown bear, celebrating birthday in Australia

Bethel the Kodiak brown bear, celebrating birthday in Australia

Not grizzly at all… Bethel the kodiak bear lounges in her enclosure at Sydney’s Taronga Zoo. (ABC news)

Australia’s oldest bear has celebrated its 32nd birthday.

Bethel the kodiak [sic] bear also has the distinction of being one of the oldest of its species in the world.

It’s become a birthday ritual that never fails to delight the grand old dame of Taronga Zoo.

“She was bashing at the door as soon as she could smell that salmon coming in,” said zookeeper Deb Olsen.

“She knows that it’s a special day when she sees the big salmon there.”

I noticed while reading up on Bethel’s birthday bash that the Australian Broadcasting Company (ABC) has a tag or category for news feeds called aged-care. Click on the ink below to add it to your news reader.

  • Esther Martinez, nonagenarian Tewa linguist, 2008 honor

    For more on the remarkable Ms Martinez see the earlier post

    Esther Martinez: ‘A way to honor her spirit’ Historical roadside marker celebrates Tewa linguist and renowned storyteller
    11/8/2008 – 11/9/08
    OHKAY OWINGEH — New Mexico honored Ohkay Owingeh storyteller and Tewa linguist Esther Martinez Blue Water (P’oe Tsáwä) on Saturday by unveiling a new roadside marker at the pueblo north of Española.

    “It is an honor to have a marker that recognizes her contributions to her pueblo and to others,” said Martinez, speaking to the large crowd gathered at the site along N.M. 68. “She was a person steadfast to the end.”

    The wooden marker is the second of 55 that will be installed around the state in recognition of influential New Mexico women. .. The marker program was conceived by three women — Pat French, Beverly Duran and Alexis Girard. They created the New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative and lobbied the Legislature to fund the project.

    “As we drove around the state, we realized all the historic markers up and down the road were all for men,” French said Saturday as she waited for the cutting of a silver ribbon around Martinez’s marker. “This is to create a better balance.”

    Martinez, born in 1912, was known as an exceptional storyteller. Her family said she could use almost anything as the source of a good yarn, even everyday events. “My mother’s stories had such life and character,” daughter Josephine Binford said with a chuckle. “You could see what she described. When she spoke, it was like she cast a spell.”

    … Martinez received many national honors for her work in preserving the language and stories of her people. She taught Tewa in the Ohkay Owingeh (formerly San Juan Pueblo) schools for years and created a Tewa dictionary. She traveled widely to share stories with non-Pueblo people. She received the Teacher of the Year award from the National Council of American Indians in 1997 and a year later was given the Governor’s Award for Excellence.

    In 2006, Martinez was named a National Heritage Fellow by the National Endowment for the Arts.

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    Otto Friend, nonagenarian

    The Delta Discovery is one of our regional newspapers. Many of the articles may also be read on-line. Unfortunately, there isn’t a photo of Mr. Friend.

    by Jodi Friend, student Kuskokwim Campus

    My paternal grandfather Otto Friend has lived in the native village of Kwigillingok, a costal village located on the Southwestern Region of Alaska, nearly all his life.

    When my grandfather was a young boy, most of the Yup’ik people in the village lived on the left side of the Kwigillingok River, while only a few lived on the right side.

    …what are my grandfather’s personality, favorite foods, and hobbies?
    My grandfather is mean, grumpy, strict, selfish, and forgetful at times, but he is also humorous, caring, and loving. His nickname is “Apiin” (similar to grandfather) and “Dad.”

    Otto loves to eat blackberry “akutaq” (Eskimo ice cream), beluga whale blubber, dried salmon, white fish, bird soup, and loves drinking Red Rose tea with his elder friends.

    His hobbies include watching Kung Fu movies, taking naps, snow machine riding, checking the Kwigillingok River, playing with his grandchildren, working on seal skin, carving wood, and taking steam baths.

    … After serving in the Alaskan Territorial Guard (ATG), his sight has not been the same. My paternal aunts and uncles told me that Otto, little by little, stopped going subsistence hunting because of his affected vision. Although he has this problem, it does not keep him from being in charge of how the gathered and hunted food is prepared or stored for the winter.

    Right now, he’s 90-years-old and he still walks and takes a steam bath in the “maqivik” (steam house or sauna) just about every night…. In conclusion, Otto is a lot of fun to be around. I admire and respect him because he has been through so much in his life and because he has a lot of experience when it comes to subsistence living. He is also a very good grandfather, not just to me, but to my other relatives as well. […]

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